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Using the Driver : Configuring and Connecting to Data Sources : Configuring the Product on UNIX/Linux : File Data Sources

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File Data Sources
The Driver Manager on UNIX and Linux supports file data sources. The advantage of a file data source is that it can be stored on a server and accessed by other machines, either Windows, UNIX, Linux, or macOS. See "Getting Started" for a general description of ODBC data sources on supported platforms.
A file data source is simply a text file that contains connection information. It can be created with a text editor. The file normally has an extension of .dsn.
For example, a file data source for the driver would be similar to the following:
Driver=DataDirect 8.0 Oracle Wire Protocol
It must contain all basic connection information plus any optional attributes. Because it uses the DRIVER= keyword, an odbcinst.ini file containing the driver location must exist (see "DSN-less Connections").
The file data source is accessed by specifying the FILEDSN= instead of the DSN= keyword in a connection string, as outlined in the ODBC specification. The complete path to the file data source can be specified in the syntax that is normal for the machine on which the file is located. For example, on Windows:
FILEDSN=C:\Program Files\Common Files\ODBC\DataSources\Oracleacct.dsn
or, on UNIX and Linux:
or, on macOS:
If no path is specified for the file data source, the Driver Manager uses the DefaultDSNDir property, which is defined in the [ODBC File DSN] setting in the odbc.ini file to locate file data sources (see "Configuring a Data Source in the System Information File" for details). If the [ODBC File DSN] setting is not defined, the Driver Manager uses the InstallDir setting in the [ODBC] section of the odbc.ini file. The Driver Manager does not support the SQLReadFileDSN and SQLWriteFileDSN functions.
As with any connection string, you can specify attributes to override the default values in the data source: