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ABL Reference
ABL Syntax Reference : DDE GET statement

DDE GET statement

(Windows only)
Retrieves the value of a dynamic data exchange (DDE) server data item that has changed and triggered a DDE-NOTIFY event.
This statement is supported only for backward compatibility. Use the Component Object Model (COM) instead.
Note: Does not apply to SpeedScript programming.


DDE GET ddeid TARGET field ITEM name  
[ TIME seconds]  
An integer expression that specifies the channel number of the conversation that triggered the DDE-NOTIFY event. You can obtain the value of ddeid from the DDE-ID attribute of the frame to which the DDE-NOTIFY event was posted.
TARGET field
Specifies a character field or variable that receives the value of the server data item as a character string.
ITEM name
Specifies the server data item that changed and triggered the DDE-NOTIFY event, where name is a character expression that identifies the name of the data item in the server application. You can obtain the value of name from the DDE-ITEM attribute of the frame to which the DDE-NOTIFY event was posted.
TIME seconds
Specifies the maximum number of seconds that the ABL client waits for the DDE GET statement to complete where seconds is an integer expression. If you do not specify the TIME option or specify a value of 0, the AVM waits indefinitely for the statement to complete.
By default, if the statement fails to retrieve the data item value, the AVM raises the ERROR condition, and posts the error to the DDE frame DDE-ERROR attribute. If you specify NO-ERROR, the AVM does not raise the ERROR condition but does post the error to the DDE frame.


The following fragment shows how to use the DDE GET statement to set up a procedure to capture a rate-of-change value as it changes in a dynamic model run in a Microsoft Excel worksheet. The example assumes that the Microsoft Excel application is running, and has opened the default Excel worksheet, Sheet1, which runs the model.
After the conversation is opened, the DDE ADVISE statement links to the worksheet cell that maintains the latest rate-of-change value (2nd column of the 4th row, or R4C2). Every time this cell changes value, the AVM posts a DDE-NOTIFY event to the frame DDEframe, where the value is retrieved using the DDE GET statement, and stored as a decimal in the ChangeRate variable. Meanwhile, if the REPEAT block detects a ChangeRate value greater than 7.5%, the the link to cell R4C2 is closed and the procedure continues.
DEFINE VARIABLE Sheet1     AS INTEGER NO-UNDO.   /* DDE-ID to worksheet */
DEFINE VARIABLE ChangeRate AS DECIMAL NO-UNDO    /* Rate of change... */
  INITIAL 0.0.                                   /* ...starting at 0 */
DEFINE VARIABLE CellData   AS CHARACTER NO-UNDO. /* Worksheet cell output */
DEFINE VARIABLE DDEframe   AS HANDLE    NO-UNDO. /* DDE frame handle */

TRIGGERS:           /* DDE frame and code to receive  */
  ON DDE-NOTIFY DO: /* Rate of change data from Excel */
    DDE GET Sheet1 TARGET CellData ITEM "R4C2".    
ChangeRate = DECIMAL(CellData).
. . .
/* Open conversation with Sheet1 and link to rate-of-change value. */

/* Do some processing while the rate-of-change is within 7.5% */
REPEAT WHILE ChangeRate <= 7.5:
. . .
END. /* 7.5% processing */

/* Go on to other things once the rate of change goes above 7.5%. */
. . .


*The AVM posts each DDE-NOTIFY event to the frame that owns the conversation opened for the linked data item.
*You can invoke this function in the trigger block for each frame that owns a conversation containing advise links. Only frames that own conversations linked to data items with the DDE-ADVISE statement can receive DDE-NOTIFY events.
*For more information on using the DDE protocol to exchange data with non-ABL applications, see OpenEdge Development: Programming Interfaces.

See also

DDE ADVISE statement, DDE INITIATE statement