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Database Administration
Maintaining and Monitoring Your Database : Dumping and Loading : Specialized dump and load techniques : Saving disk space by deactivating indexes
 
Saving disk space by deactivating indexes
You can free up disk space for an application by deactivating its indexes. Also, if you are dumping and loading a large database, you can speed up the operation by deactivating the indexes in one or more database tables. This technique should be used only in situations where indexes are used infrequently, such as in an application that generates reports only once or twice a year. There are two ways to deactivate indexes:
*Deactivate individual indexes or all the indexes with the Data Administration tool if you are using a graphical interface, or the Data Dictionary if you are using a character interface.
*Deactivate indexes from an ABL procedure.
You can deactivate (but not reactivate) a single index from either Data tool. If you create a new unique index on an existing file, consider deactivating the index. If existing table data yields duplicate keys, all changes made during the current session are backed out when you try to save them. Create or reactivate a unique index after you have ensured that all key values are unique.
To activate an index, use PROUTIL IDXBUILD. For more information about activating indexes with PROUTIL IDXBUILD, see PROUTIL IDXBUILD qualifier.
Once an index is deactivated, you cannot use it to retrieve information from the records it normally points to. If you attempt to use a FOR, FOR EACH, or CAN-FIND statement in connection with a deactivated index, the database engine terminates the currently executing program. However, you can create, delete, or update a record that a deactivated index points to.
The database engine does not examine the active status of an index when it makes a search. Nor does the active status of an index affect the time stamp on the _Index file. As a result, precompiled programs do not require compilation if the only change to the schema is index activation or deactivation.
* Deactivating indexes from Data Administration
* Deactivating indexes from the Data Dictionary
* Deactivating indexes from an ABL procedure