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Internationalization, Localization, and Unicode : Unicode ODBC Drivers : Unicode Application with a Unicode Driver
 

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Unicode Application with a Unicode Driver

An operation involving a Unicode application and a Unicode driver that use the same Unicode encoding is efficient because no function conversion is involved. If the application and the driver each use different types of encoding, there is some conversion overhead. See Driver Manager and Unicode Encoding on UNIX/Linux for details.

Windows

1. The Unicode application sends UCS-2 or UTF-16 function calls to the Driver Manager.
2. The Driver Manager does not have to convert the UCS-2/UTF-16 function calls to ANSI. It passes the Unicode function call to the Unicode driver.
3. The driver returns UCS-2/UTF-16 argument values to the Driver Manager.
4. The Driver Manager returns UCS-2/UTF-16 function calls to the application.

UNIX and Linux

1. The Unicode application sends function calls to the Driver Manager. The Driver Manager expects these function calls to be UTF-8 or UTF-16 based on the value of the SQL_ATTR_APP_UNICODE_TYPE attribute.
2. The Driver Manager passes Unicode function calls to the Unicode driver. The Driver Manager has to perform function call conversions if the SQL_ATTR_APP_UNICODE_TYPE is different from the SQL_ATTR_DRIVER_UNICODE_TYPE.
3. The driver returns argument values to the Driver Manager. Whether these are UTF-8 or UTF-16 argument values is based on the value of the SQL_ATTR_DRIVER_UNICODE_TYPE attribute.
4. The Driver Manager returns appropriate function calls to the application based on the SQL_ATTR_APP_UNICODE_TYPE attribute value. The Driver Manager has to perform function call conversions if the SQL_ATTR_DRIVER_UNICODE_TYPE value is different from the SQL_ATTR_APP_UNICODE_TYPE value.